Who was Jiang Jieshi and what did he do?
Chiang Kai-shek (31 October 1887 – 5 April 1975), also known as Chiang Chung-cheng and romanized via Mandarin as Chiang Chieh-shih and Jiang Jieshi, was a Chinese Nationalist politician, revolutionary and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China from 1928, first in mainland China until 1949 and.
Who was Mao Zedong quizlet?
Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976) was a Chinese Communist revolutionary and the founding father of the People’s Republic of China. He is most known for the Mao Zedong Thought which is a marxist-leninist view of things. He led the Chinese Communist party and won the civil war.
Who was Mao Zedong and what was he known for?
Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976), also known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who was the founding father of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), which he ruled as the chairman of the Chinese Communist Party from the establishment of the PRC in 1949 until his death in 1976.
Who inspired Mao Zedong?
In early life, Mao was influenced by the publications of two revolutionaries, Sun Yat-sen (left) and Chen Duxiu (right), both of whom argued that China had to adopt various western political philosophies in order to modernise.
What started the civil war in China?
The war was a fight for legitimacy as the government of China. The war began in April 1927 because of the Northern Expedition (國民革命軍北伐) and mostly ended in 1950. Some people say the war has not ended, but no large battles have started since that year.
Who was Chiang Kai’s wife?
Soong Mei-ling or, legally, Soong May-ling (Chinese: 宋美齡; pinyin: Sòng Měilíng; March 5, 1898 – October 23, 2003), also known as Madame Chiang Kai-shek or Madame Chiang, was a Chinese political figure who was First Lady of the Republic of China, the wife of Generalissimo and President Chiang Kai-shek.
Is Mao Zedong a hero or a villain quizlet?
Mao is a historical villain due to many factors that resulted in massive problems for the Chinese people.
What did Mao Zedong do when he took over China quizlet?
this man became the leader of the chinese communist party and remained its leader until his death. he declared the founding of the people’s republic of china in 1949 and supported the chinese peasantry throughout his life. Terrorized Chinese citizens and determined who went to camps.
What were the events that started the Korean War quizlet?
June 25, 1950. What caused the Korean War? The Korean War was caused because North Korea, China, and the Soviet Union all wanted the Korean Peninsula to be a communist area. Then North Korean troops marched into South Korea which set off the war.
Who is responsible for the most deaths in human history?
But both Hitler and Stalin were outdone by Mao Zedong. From 1958 to 1962, his Great Leap Forward policy led to the deaths of up to 45 million people – easily making it the biggest episode of mass murder ever recorded.
What was Mao’s main goal for China?
Launched by Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and founder of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), its stated goal was to preserve Chinese communism by purging remnants of capitalist and traditional elements from Chinese society, and to re-impose Mao Zedong Thought (known outside China as Maoism.
How did the superpowers react to the existence of two Chinas?
How did the superpowers react to the existence of two Chinas? US tried to enlarge its influence in Asia. The soviets supported communist china and gave them aid and the US tried to halt soviet expansion and gave aide to the Nationalists.
What was Mao Zedong’s 5 year plan?
In 1958, Mao announced his plan for the Great Leap Forward, which he laid out as a five-year plan to improve the economic prosperity of the People’s Republic of China. He devised the plan after touring China and concluding that he felt the Chinese people were capable of anything.
When did Mao take over China?
On October 1, 1949, Chairman Mao Zedong officially proclaimed the founding of the People’s Republic of China at Tiananmen Square. Chiang Kai-shek, 600,000 Nationalist troops and about two million Nationalist-sympathizer refugees retreated to the island of Taiwan.
How many people died in the Great Leap Forward?
The Great Leap resulted in tens of millions of deaths, with estimates ranging between 15 and 55 million deaths, making the Great Chinese Famine the largest famine in human history. Chief changes in the lives of rural Chinese people included the incremental introduction of mandatory agricultural collectivization.
What was the old name for China?
It is also thought that the ultimate source of the name China is the Chinese word “Qin” (Chinese: 秦), the name of the dynasty that unified China but also existed as a state for many centuries prior.Names of China. China showTranscriptions Common name Traditional Chinese 中華 Simplified Chinese 中华.
What is Chinas full name?
Formal Name: People’s Republic of China (Zhonghua Renmin Gonghe Guo — 中华人民共和国 ). Short Form: China (Zhongguo — 中国 ). Term for Citizen(s) Chinese (singular and plural) (Huaren — 华人 ). Capital: Beijing (Northern Capital — 北京 ).
Which two groups fought a civil war in China?
The announcement ended the costly full-scale civil war between the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the Nationalist Party, or Kuomintang (KMT), which broke out immediately following World War II and had been preceded by on and off conflict between the two sides since the 1920’s.
Is Chiang Kai-Shek still alive?
Where is Madame Chiang buried?
Soong Mei-ling/Place of burial.
How did China change under the leadership of Mao Zedong quizlet?
How did Mao change China? improved transportation, education, industry. Modernized China with education, women’s rights, sanitation, and health care. He distributed lands to peasants.
How did China fall to communism quizlet?
China fell to communism because U.S gave billions to Mio Zedong. Mio removed Chinese government therefore China fell to communism. Truman embarrassed. was spoken by Churchill of the division between noncommunist countries and communist countries in Germany by the Berlin Wall.
Why did the peasants in China support Mao Zedong quizlet?
Why did Chinese peasants support Mao Zedong? Chinese peasants supported Mao Zedong because he united China again. He made a communist government and promised the people that he would redistribute the land to peasants.